"Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the U.S., but it doesn't have to be," says Dr. Michael Stamos, chair of UC Irvine's Department of Surgery and president-elect of the American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery. "The good news is that it's preventable, treatable and curable."
Recently, Stamos appeared on a CBS Healthwatch webcast with five other nationally recognized experts. The program, introduced by CBS news anchor Katie Couric and hosted by Dr. Travis Stork of the TV show "The Doctors," may be seen at http://newyork.cbslocal.com/healthwatch-live-stream/.
Stamos and fellow panelists addressed colorectal cancer prevention, benefits of screening and colonoscopy, digestive conditions and their relation to colorectal cancer, digestive diseases and treatment options, especially minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery and its overall underutilization. Stamos says there are not enough highly trained colorectal surgeons to fill the need. Most cases are performed by general surgeons who may not have a high enough volume of patients be fully proficient in laparoscopy.
Some people are reluctant to get a colonoscopy or speak to their doctor about colorectal health because they're embarrassed to talk about that area of their body, he says. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as many as 60 percent of colorectal cancer deaths could be prevented if men and women 50 or older were screened routinely.
"Don't be a statistic," says Stamos. "Don't be embarrassed to death."
Many colon cancer cases have no symptoms. However, the following may indicate colon cancer:
- Abdominal pain and tenderness in the lower abdomen
- Blood in the stool
- Diarrhea, constipation, or other change in bowel habits
- Intestinal obstruction
- Narrow stools
- Unexplained anemia
- Weight loss with no known reason
Screening for colorectal cancer is recommended beginning at age 50. Guidelines include the following tests:
- Colonoscopy every 10 years.
- High-sensitivity fecal occult blood test, also known as a stool test, yearly.
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years.
Ask your primary care doctor the following questions about colorectal health and digestive diseases:
- Do I need a screening test for colorectal cancer?
- What screening test(s) do you recommend?
- How do I prepare? Do I need to change my diet or medication schedule?
- What's involved in the test? Will it be uncomfortable or painful?
- Is there any risk?
- When and from whom will I get results?
Stamos says the current standard of colonoscopy screening at 50 years old may be changing, particularly for high-risk patients with inflammatory bowel disease or personal or family history of colorectal cancer or polyps.
"More than 90 percent of the cancers appear in people over 50, but we're seeing more and more people with colorectal health issues in their 40s," Stamos says. "A lot has to do with your family history."
About UC Irvine Medical Center: Orange County's only university hospital, UC Irvine Medical Center offers acute- and general-care services at its new, 482,000-square-foot UC Irvine Douglas Hospital and is home to the county's only Level I trauma center, American College of Surgeons-verified regional burn center and National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center. U.S. News & World Report has included UC Irvine for 10 consecutive years on its list of America's Best Hospitals, giving special recognition to its urology, gynecology, and ear, nose & throat programs.
About the University of California, Irvine: Founded in 1965, UC Irvine is a top-ranked university dedicated to research, scholarship and community service. Led by Chancellor Michael Drake since 2005, UC Irvine is among the most dynamic campuses in the University of California system, with nearly 28,000 undergraduate and graduate students, 1,100 faculty and 9,000 staff. Orange County's largest employer, UC Irvine contributes an annual economic impact of $4.2 billion. For more news, visit www.today.uci.edu.